A gemstone is also known as a fine gem, jewel, precious stone, or semiprecious stone is a cut and polished piece of mineral crystal that is used to manufacture jewelry or other adornments. However, certain rocks (such as lapis lazuli and opal) and organic materials that aren’t minerals (such as amber, jet, and pearl) are also used in jewelry and are thus termed gemstones.
Although most gemstones are hard, some soft minerals are utilized in jewelry because of their brilliance or other aesthetic features. Other attributes that add value to gemstones include rarity and reputation.Apart from jewelry, engraved gems and hardstone carvings, such as cups, have been prominent luxury art forms since antiquity. A lapidarist or gem cutter creates gems, while a diamantaire creates diamonds.
For an average one-carat diamond, New Classic stones can cost anywhere from $50 to $1,000 per carat. Tsavorite is a good example of a new classic stone with a per-carat value of $3,000. Affordable Gemstones combine excellent color with a reasonable price.Only the owner of a gemstone can determine its genuine value. When memories and significance are attached to a stone, it can be worth a lot of money. And, when you consider jewels as photographs of old geological history, they’re all valuable.
But, alas, appraisers must assign each diamond a value, or price per carat. Multiple elements are examined when determining the monetary value of an emerald, ruby, or sapphire.There are several factors that determine the value of a gemstone, and these elements are called the four Cs.
Colored Gemstones and the Four C’s
Carat, clarity, color, and cut are the four yardsticks used to determine gemstone value, affectionately known as the Four C’s by us gem nerds. Whether you’re looking to buy a single diamond or start a collection, it’s important to know how each of these elements affects your investment.
While the Four C’s are well-known for grading valuable stones such as diamonds, their application to exquisite colored gems is more complicated. Color, for example, is made up of four elements: hue, saturation, tone, and coverage, to name a few.
Let’s look at how the Four C’s are applied to colored gemstones in more detail.
A gemstone’s size is usually determined by its weight in metric carats (one carat equals 1/5th of a gram). While higher-carat stones are frequently more valuable, the other three Cs play an important role as well. If a gem has great clarity and color, for example, its value does not increase linearly with carat size, but rather exponentially.
The degree of transparency of a gem is referred to as clarity. Inclusions are visible cloudiness or other visible markings within precious rocks, whereas blemished stones have obvious markings on their surfaces. Inclusions and imperfections can give a gem personality and a distinct fingerprint.
These breaks in clarity can influence a gemstone’s aesthetic appeal as well as its durability. That is why, in most circumstances, stones that are glassy and completely transparent are valued greater. But it isn’t always that easy.
Cosmetic inclusions aren’t usually indicative of poor quality. Because of their inclusions, some precious stones gain in value. The needle-like inclusions in star sapphire, for example, give it both its value and its name.
Color is the most important factor in determining a gemstone’s price. The higher the color, the higher the value. Some people even use the color of the stone to determine its price. If a stone is glassy, it will have less clarity than a gem with a glassy appearance. However, if a gemstone is transparent, it will be worth much more than one with a glassy appearance.The more vivid and intense the color, the more valuable it will be.By far the most important aspect in determining the value of colored stones is color. It’s also the most difficult. As I previously stated, a gemstone’s color is made up of four elements:
The name of a color, such as red or pink.
Saturation refers to the vividness or brightness of a color.
Color depth is measured in tones (or lack thereof)
Coverage refers to the constancy of the color.
Color is created through the interaction of hue, saturation, and tone, and coverage refers to the uniformity of that color throughout the gemstone.A gemstone that has a light blue color will be less valuable than one that is a rich cornflower blue.Gemstones with bright, vivid colors are more desirable than those with a pastel color.
A high-quality cut considers the other three C’s and emphasizes a gemstone’s greatest qualities. The best stone cutters have a refined eye for detail and a keen sense of aesthetics.
When cutting a gem, balancing carat, clarity, and the color is known as the “cutter’s tradeoff,” because it often entails sacrificing one characteristic for another. Cutting an alexandrite to display the greatest color, for example, requires sacrificing carat, and conserving carat rather than removing an inclusion may result in poorer clarity.
The Fifth C
Other aspects that can affect the value of a gem, in addition to the Four Cs, are the gem’s place of origin and if it has been artificially enhanced. Knowing a gem’s provenance adds to its value by allowing you to learn more about how it was mined and whether it was done responsibly.
What is the Most Valuable Gemstone?
Taaffeite is a unique gemstone that is so uncommon that most people have never heard of it. Richard Taaffe, an Australian geologist, discovered the pale violet gemstone in 1945. Taaffeite was previously thought to be spinel before his discovery. This gemstone does not refract light, as well as spinel, does. Taaffe’s discovery represents the first time a gemstone was discovered as a faceted gemstone rather than a raw gemstone.
Taaffeite is exclusively discovered in two places: Sri Lanka and Tanzania. The majority of materials are unsuitable for faceting, making it even more difficult to find. The gemstone is so uncommon that it is over a million times more valuable than a diamond.
How Can You Know if a Gemstone is Genuine?
There will be flaws
Because a genuine gemstone is a natural product, it will contain faults. There is no further interference save being mined, polished, and cut according to the jewelry’s specifications. A synthetic or imitation gemstone, on the other hand, will appear more perfect, if not faultless. So double-check that you’re picking up the right one!
It Wouldn’t Be Inexpensive
It’s possible that if a gemstone dealer offers prices that seem too good to be true, they are. Real gemstones, such as rubies and sapphires, will have varied costs depending on their weight, carat, and color, but will still be on the more expensive side in comparison. Fake / copied gemstones, on the other hand, are usually less expensive.
Unlike Synthetic Stones, the Sparkle and Shine will be different
A genuine gemstone’s gleam will be faint since it has been worn down by nature. A synthetic one, on the other hand, will shine brighter. Despite the fact that it appears to be the other way around, it is not. Gemstones have a lower luster than synthetics because they are a natural occurrence.
The gemstone’s weight will vary
A synthetic gemstone is typically denser than a natural gem, and as a result, it is always slightly heavier. So, while you’re comparing gemstones, all you have to do is pick them up in your palm and you’ll know which one is genuine!
Always request the Gemstone Laboratory Report
While all of these methods are simple to implement and aid in the acquisition of a quick understanding of gemstones, a lab report is always preferred. Even if it’s merely polishing and cutting, every stone goes through a procedure. And the stone’s report mentions all of this. Depending on the treatments, some gemstones that appear to be real may be synthetic. As a result, obtain the report and seek the advice of a gemologist.
How do You Know Whether a Gemstone is Natural or Man-Made?
Natural gemstones are those that have been produced throughout time by nature without the intervention of humans. There are two sorts of gemstones: organic and inorganic. Living organisms such as Pearl, Amber, Ivory, and Coral make organic gemstones. Inorganic gemstones, such as diamonds, sapphires, rubies, and emeralds, are minerals created within the ground under natural conditions. The majority of gemstones are inorganic.
Because synthetic gemstones are developed in laboratories, they are also known as man-made, lab-created, cultivated, or cultured gemstones. These laboratories employ modern technology to replicate the effects of time, pressure, and temperature on carbon and other elements in a controlled environment to manufacture various types of gemstones. The most fascinating aspect of synthetic stones is that they have chemical properties that are chemically equivalent to those of natural gemstones.
How do You go About Finding Gemstones?
When looking for gemstones in streams and riverbeds, look for them near eroded stream banks, in shallow, flowing water, and old, dried creek beds. Alluvial gemstones are most commonly discovered a few days following heavy rain. Use a black light to look for luminous gemstones at night.
You can pan for minerals or dig through the dirt, but searching in the gravel beds of dried-up rivers is by far the most convenient way to find gemstones. In streambeds and creeks, you can find a variety of valuable and semi-precious jewels among the pebbles.
In a creek, the greatest places to look for gemstones are where the water is shallowest and where the channel bends. Look around the remainder of the creek as well, because gemstones can be discovered just about anywhere!
Gemstones are Classified in What Manner?
A gemologist is a professional who identifies gemstones. Each gem is labeled according to its characteristics, using industry-standard terminology. Gemologists categorize stones based on their chemical composition. Diamonds, for example, are composed of carbon (C). The term “inclusions” refers to faults that occur naturally in the stones.
Many gems are classified as crystals because they are formed in a crystalline structure. Gemstones are classified using a variety of terms such as varieties, groupings, and species. Other qualities of the stones, like dispersion, specific gravity, luster, hardness, cleavage, fracture, and refractive index, are also utilized to further segment them.
The names “precious stone” and “semi-precious stone” arose from a marketing strategy employed by those who marketed valuable stones. This language was created to give the idea that precious stones are worth more than they are. All other gemstones are considered semi-precious, with the exception of diamonds, sapphires, rubies, and emeralds.
Which Gemstones are Valued for Money?
A diamond is a precious stone created from pure carbon in a crystalline formation that is typically transparent and colorless. It’s also the planet’s hardest naturally occurring substance. At a ten on the Mohs scale of mineral hardness, it is the hardest.
Emerald is a gemstone that is green in hue. It’s made up of the mineral beryl and gets its green hue from trace amounts of chromium and vanadium (sometimes). On the Mohs scale, Beryl has a hardness of 7.5 to 8.0.
Ruby is a beautiful stone that is usually red in color. The color ranges from a light rose to a deep purple or even a dark crimson. Rubies are made up of the mineral corundum, which gives them their red color. On the Mohs scale, ruby has a hardness of 9.0.
Sapphire is a precious gemstone that is also a type of corundum. While a typical sapphire is blue, “fancy sapphires” come in a variety of colors including green, purple, yellow, and orange. With a Mohs hardness of 9.0, sapphire is the third hardest natural substance after diamonds and moissanite.
The Four C’s make it easy for appraisers to assess the value of a gemstone.Clarity, Cut, Color, and Carat are some of the elements that influence the price of a gemstone.A gemstone’s price can vary a lot. The value of a gemstone depends on the type, color, and size. Many natural stones are rare and therefore more expensive. A high-quality gem has an increased value over time. In other words, if it is rare and natural, it can increase in value. If you find a fine-quality gem, it’s worth your money. That is why a gemstone’s price can go up over the years.
The value of a gemstone is determined by its variety and cut. The prices of gemstones vary according to the color and cut. The color of a gemstone will determine its price. A stone that is brown or yellow will be less valuable than a stone that has been cut and polished. A stone that is highly treated will always be more expensive than a stone that has been left untreated. For this reason, it’s important to understand the difference between an untreated and a treated gemstone.