What Makes a Gemstone Precious?

A gem’s value depends on several factors, including its rarity and its color and light. Ruby, the intense red gemstone, is the most valuable of all, despite its scarcity, making it more expensive than diamonds, sapphires, emeralds, and even diamonds. Rubies are also rarer than any other gemstone on earth, making them highly sought-after. They have also been a symbol of love and romance for centuries.

The term “precious” was first used in the mid-nineteenth century to describe the most beautiful, rare, and valuable gemstones. While the term “precious” was originally used to describe rubies, sapphires, and emeralds, it has become an international terminology referring to four types of gemstones. All four are extremely hard and translucent, making them ideal for jewelry.

What Exactly is a Gemstone?

Gemstones are valuable and semi-precious stones that are used in jewelry. These stones are usually cut and processed minerals. Gemstones, on the other hand, are not always made up of minerals. Gemstones are sometimes precise rocks or organic materials that are utilized in jewelry and ornamentation. Amber and jet are examples of stones that fit under this category.

Precious stones are different from other stones because of their quality, how rare they are, and how beautiful they are. This is a list of the only four precious stones: diamond, sapphire, ruby, and emerald All other stones are called “secondary stones.”

This is also because they are very hard, which makes them less likely to get scratched. If one stone can scratch another, it is harder than the other. It can only be smashed by a diamond. It can still break if there is a big shock.

The Mohs scale is used to measure how hard something is. It ranks minerals on a scale of 1 to 10. Some people think diamonds are the hardest. Ruby is 9/10, sapphire is 9/10, and emerald is 7 to 8/10, but they aren’t as hard as diamond.

However, all stones are still very fragile and need to be treated with the utmost care.

What to Know About Each of the Four Precious Stones?

Usually, sapphire is blue, but there are a lot of other colors that depend on the chemical make-up of the stone: yellows, oranges, greens, and so on.

Burma, Sri Lanka, and Madagascar are the places where they are most common, but they can also be found in other countries like India, China, Brazil, and some African countries.

  1. Ruby is known for its red tones, which can range from pink to purple to a little brown. Red is the most sought-after and rarest color. Ruby is often paired with another color. However, the more vivid these colors are (purple or orange), the less valuable the ruby is. Burma and Mozambique are the places that make the most rubies in the world, and they make up 60% and 40% of the world’s rubies, respectively. Another country that makes rubies that are known for their beauty and purity is Sri Lanka. Tanzania, Thailand, and Madagascar are also well-known for their rubies.
  2. Emerald is a green color, and it can range from pale green to dark green in tone. A lot of people put it in an emerald cut because it’s more sensitive to shocks than other precious stones. Most emeralds are small, but there are some that are very big. Because they’re so hard to find, bigger ones can be worth as much as a diamond of the same size. emeralds that are the most beautiful today are mined from places like Colombia and Zambia as well as Zimbabwe and Brazil.
  3. The white diamond is the best-known. However, it has a wide range of colors to choose from. In the alphabet, there are almost as many different shades of white as there are words (D being the most flawless and Z the richest in yellow highlights). Besides being white, the diamond has a lot of other colors that are more or less interesting.
  4. The next-most-valuable gem is sapphire. Sapphire is the blue variety of the mineral corundum. Other gem varieties of this mineral are also named after their hue. Blue sapphires are the most coveted of them. Moreover, they look beautiful when set in white gold. If you are buying a precious gemstone for jewelry, make sure to get an appraisal from a reliable appraiser. It will be valued in the future.

Check Out Some Beautiful Precious Stones

1. Ruby

Bold Ruby Ring in 14k Gold – Statement Pear Cut Ring – Fashionable Gemstone, Birthstone Rings for Women – Customizable Handmade Jewelry Ring for Birthday, Wedding, Anniversary

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  • Eye-catching jewelry piece
  • The finish is customizable, available in other materials
  • Can be purchased with engraving
  • Nickel Free and Tarnish Resistant
  • Thoughtfully packaged with a fancy gift kit

2. Emerald

Peora Created Emerald Ring in 14K White Gold with Genuine White Topaz, Designer Cushion Cut, 2 Carats, Comfort Fit, Sizes 5 to 9

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  • SPARKLING RING – Stunning 14K White Gold Ring that is both versatile and practical. Featuring Peora Created Emerald, Cushion Cut, 8mm, 2 Carats with rich Forest Green hue and SI1-SI2 Clarity. Checkerboard faceting allows the stone to sparkle even more at every angle. Accented with sparkling genuine White Topaz stones, this vintage-inspired ring is beautiful as an engagement ring, cocktail ring, anniversary ring, or statement piece.
  • SUPERIOR QUALITY – Every Peora Created Emerald is hand-selected by our skilled Craftsmen from the finest materials, each polished meticulously enhancing the color and beauty of the stone resulting in an extraordinary display of luster and brilliance. Experience fine jewelry by Peora – not only a heritage of authenticity but a promise of superior quality. 14K Gold Jewelry is hallmarked and stamped with 14K.
  • PEACE OF MIND – Each Peora jewelry comes with a Certificate of Authenticity for quality assurance and a satisfaction guarantee.

3. White Diamond

Amazon Collection Classic Twist with White Diamond Sterling Silver Ring (1/10cttw, I-J Color, I2-I3 Clarity)

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  • Twisted sterling silver ring encased with sparkling white diamonds
  • All our diamond suppliers confirm that they comply with the Kimberley Process to ensure that their diamonds are conflict-free
  • Imported
  • An Amazon Brand

4. Sapphire

Peora Created Blue Sapphire Ring with White Topaz in 14 Karat White Gold, 3 Carats, Cushion Cut, 8mm, Sizes 5-9

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  • A LASTING IMPRESSION – Choose Peora’s carefully crafted Created Sapphire Ring as your next piece of anniversary jewelry. Master cut checkerboard faceted Created Sapphire stone shines with a brilliance that will leave her in awe. 14 Karat White Gold Ring features 3 Carats of Cushion Cut, 8mm, Created Blue Sapphire with vibrant Ceylon Blue Hue.
  • SUPERIOR QUALITY – Peora Created Blue Sapphires are expertly hand-cut by skilled Craftsmen, each facet is cut with mathematical precision, resulting in an explosion of sparkle and brilliance.
  • PEACE OF MIND – Each Peora jewelry comes with a Certificate of Authenticity for quality assurance and a satisfaction guarantee.

What are Some of the Most Popular Semi-Precious Stones?

Pearls are hard objects that are made from the soft tissue of a shelled mollusk or conulariid. They are formed inside the soft tissue. Pearls are on the Mohs scale between 2.5 and 4.5.

  1. Black Onyx 
    Black onyx is a type of quartz called chalcedony. It is thought to be an anniversary gemstone for the 10th year of marriage. People use the Mohs scale to measure how strong black onyx is. It’s between 6.5 and 7 on the scale.
  2. Opal
    Opal is a type of silica that looks like glass but is also similar to quartz in terms of its chemical makeup. Within this mineral, there is a lot of water, but it varies a lot. There are two types of opal: hard and soft. The hardness ranges from 5.5 to 6.5.
  3. Blue Topaz
    There are many different shades of blue topaz. It is a mineral made up of aluminum and fluorine. On the Mohs scale, blue topaz is a very hard stone.
  4. Moonstone
    Sodium potassium aluminum silicate is a shiny mineral that is called moonstone. The visual effect, or sheen, is caused by light diffraction from inside the microstructure, which is made up of layers of feldspar. It is on the Mohs hardness level between 6.0 and 6.5.

Here are Some Semi-Precious Stone for you

1. Black-Onyx

Black-Onyx Ring, Handmade 925 Sterling Silver Ring, Silver Onyx Ring, Bohemian Jewelry, Sterling Silver Ring for Women, Anniversary Gift, Gift for Her (black-onyx)

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  • Specifications Metal: 925 Sterling Silver with 925 stamps and Nickle Free
  • Finish: High Polish | Stone: Genuine , | Stone Size: 12 mm Round
  • Ideal Gift For Women, Ideal For Any Gift Giving Occasion. Perfect Gift For Women, Gifts For Mom, Gifts For Mother-In-Law, Gifts For Wife, Gifts For Daughter, Gifts For Relatives & Best Friends, Etc. Perfect Birthday Gifts, Anniversary Gifts, Christmas Gifts, Graduation Gifts, Mother’S Day Gifts, Valentine’S Day Gifts, Or Just As A Surprise To Remind That Special One, How Much You Care! It Makes Your Look Elegant And Charming In Any Occasion.

2. Opal

Peora Created White Opal Ring in Sterling Silver, Round Shape, 8mm, 1.75 Carats total, Sizes 5 to 9

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  • UNIQUE DESIGN- This chic and stylish 1.75 Carats total Sterling Silver Ring featuring 8mm Round cut Peora Created White Opal with multidimensional iridescent hue is the perfect everyday accessory. Adorned with Premium Grade Cubic Zirconia to give it a luxurious sparkle in the sun. A must-have for any wardrobe.
  • SUPERIOR QUALITY – Every Peora Created Opal is hand-cut by our skilled Craftsmen from rough materials, each facet is carved with mathematical precision enhancing the color and beauty of the stone resulting in an extraordinary display of luster and brilliance. Experience fine jewelry by Peora – not only a heritage of authenticity but a promise of superior quality. Sterling Silver Jewelry is hallmarked and stamped with 925.
  • PEACE OF MIND – Each Peora jewelry comes with a Certificate of Authenticity for quality assurance and a satisfaction guarantee.

3. Blue Topaz

6.25 Carats Cushion-Cut Swiss Blue Topaz Ring Sterling Silver Sizes 5 to 9

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  • Swiss Blue Topaz, Lagoon Blue Hue with Brilliant Sparkle
  • The ring is in Sterling Silver
  • Available in Sizes 5 to 9
  • Exclusive Craftsmanship and Styling
  • Includes Gift Packaging

4. Moonstone

Anemone Unique Moonstone Ring 14K Rose Gold – Genuine Rose Gold Stacking Ring with Different Sizes for Women – Elegant Moonstone Rainbow 3.87 Carats Ring for Inner Strength

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  • If you love gemstone rings, this rose gold jewelry can be your best choice. You can wear this ring during special occasions such as birthday parties, wedding ceremonies, and even during the engagement moments of your friends or relatives. It brings a high level of aesthetic value and importance.
  • There are three important factors associated with this cocktail ring. First, it has an unparalleled uniqueness. Second, it has a pleasant meaning to symbolize friendship and love. Last, it can complement any dress or outfit you wear. Trying this 100% natural gemstone today by Anemone is a decision you will never regret.
  • Our customer service is available for you 7 days a week and we will be more than happy to help you with any question so you to be completely satisfied.
 How Should One Pick?

Professionals have been putting gems into categories for a long time. Hardness, color, size, purity, rarity, and purity are some of the things that are taken into account when making a choice. However, what each person thinks makes a stone beautiful is very personal and unique to them. Choose the stone based on how you feel about what it gives off. After all, what better way to judge someone than how they feel? Why? Because your eyes should shine the most when the stone is shown.

Use the 4Cs to accurately measure the quality and value of the precious gem. These are the cut, color, clarity, and carat weight (weight).

Precious stones aren’t always more valuable than semi-precious stones, but on the other hand, the term doesn’t always mean that the stones are more valuable.

Then, it might be more expensive to buy a tsavorite green garnet than a medium-quality sapphire because it is rarer. Several semi-precious stones are rarer than precious stones.

The term “semi-precious stones” does not mean that they are less beautiful than precious stones. They are both beautiful. A few of the most well-known ones are amethyst and green tourmaline, but there are many more. People can choose from a wide range of semi-precious stones that have a lot more colors and shades than all the colors of precious stones put together. Aquamarines are always better than sapphires that aren’t very good at what they do.

What Distinguishes Precious Gemstones from Semi-Precious Gems?


Diamond, ruby, sapphires, and emerald are all considered precious gemstones that were discovered in ancient times and can only be found in specific locations on the planet. Rubies, for example, were discovered in Myanmar as early as 600AD (modern-day Burma). They’re all transparent, or at least semi-transparent as roughs, giving them an optical appeal that appealed to monarchs and rulers alike. Wars were fought and ships sailed across oceans in search of the largest and most valuable of these gems. Consider the time and effort required to recover a single gemstone, and you’ll see why no ordinary person could ever get their hands on one. They were valuable because of their rarity.

Demand and Rarity

If we try to define the word ‘precious’ now in terms of gemstones, we might come up with a different definition. Rarity and demand are two significant deciding factors. Rarity is linked to supply, whereas demand is linked to knowledge.

Take, for example, amethyst, which has been used as an ornament since 2000 BCE. It may come as a surprise to find that until the 1800s, gem-quality amethysts were valued at the same level as rubies. After that, a fresh source was discovered in South America, specifically Brazil, which has been supplying the globe with abundant amounts of purple quartz ever since. Amethyst is appropriately classified as “semi-precious” due to its widespread availability in huge sizes. They’re frequently seen in commercial jewellery for everyday use.

The Stones of the Collector

Even though the quantity is limited, a gemstone isn’t inherently ‘precious,’ at least not in the monetary sense. Typically, if only a few people are aware of a gemstone, they will not be able to create demand for it. In this scenario, there is no market, hence there are no regular transactions, and thus no actual value reference. A gem-quality grandidierite that we sold earlier this year is a good example. Ask around, and my best estimate is that most gemologists will have to look it up on the internet.

Quality takes Precedence Over Kind

When we calibrate the preciousness of a diamond by its price, it is always easier to grasp for the general audience. However, a wise buyer should always remember that the quality of a gemstone is more important than its species in determining its market value; for example, when comparing two different types of gemstones of equal weight, a mediocre ruby does not always cost as much as a very fine red spinel, and the tsavorite garnet I mentioned earlier has a higher price tag than a regular commercial-quality emerald.

What Makes a Stone Valuable?

Precious stones are defined by their high quality, scarcity, and color attractiveness. Diamond, sapphires, ruby, and emerald are the only four precious stones. As a result, all other stones are classified as semi-precious.

A gem’s color and appearance are also important factors in determining its value. Colorful gemstones reflect light, and are a desirable choice for jewelry. Moreover, these stones should fit into a jewelry design, and they should look classy. This means that the stone should be of good quality. If you’re considering purchasing a gemstone, you should understand what makes it precious and semi-precious. You can use this information to make a decision based on your own personal preferences.

What Makes Gemstones Unique?

Any of a number of minerals are admired for their beauty, durability, and rarity. A few noncrystalline organic elements, such as pearls, red coral, and amber, are also categorized as gemstones. Gemstones have captivated people since the dawn of time, and they have long been utilized in jewelry.

Besides the color and size, precious gems also have unique physical and chemical characteristics. They have a high density and hardness, and they exhibit a wide range of color spectrums. Their hardness, density, and refractive index are all similar to the stones found in nature. Gemstones can also have inclusions. The inclusions in a stone are considered a natural flaw. A gem’s color can be enhanced by adding materials to it.

What is the Best Gemstone Grade?

The letter grading system is used to classify gemstones. The highest grade is AAA, while the lowest is D. Gemstone beads graded AA – AAA is normally more expensive, of greater quality, and near-perfect. The majority of these gemstone beads are faceted and are not color-enhanced.


In order to qualify as precious, a gemstone must fall into one of the first three categories: organic materials, minerals, and gems. Gemstones are minerals that have been refined to use in jewelry. They are difficult to chip, scratch, and be subject to chemical alteration. The nine most valuable gems are diamond, emerald, ruby, sapphire, and gold. A gem’s color and clarity are the factors that make a gemstone precious.

Another criterion for how precious a gemstone is will affect the value of its ring or pendant. Diamonds are the most precious gemstone, as their mining requires a great deal of effort and time. Gemstones are usually valued based on their rarity. The most expensive sapphires are those that are rare and uncommon. The larger the gemstone, the more precious it is. The harder it is to mine, the more expensive the gemstone.